I-Digital Twin - Ifilosofi yenguquko entsha yedijithali

Ingxenye yalabo abafunda le ndatshana bazalwa benobuchwepheshe ezandleni zabo, bejwayele ukuguqulwa kwedijithali njengokunikeziwe. Kwesinye isigamu singabalabo abazibonela ukuthi inkathi yamakhompyutha yafika kanjani ngaphandle kokucela imvume; ukukhahlela emnyango siguqule esikwenze kwaba amabhuku, amaphepha, noma amatheminali ekhompyutha akudala angakwazi ukuphendula amarekhodi ezinhlamvu zezinhlamvu zamagama kanye namagrafu olayini. Lokho okwenziwa isoftware egxile kwi-BIM njengamanje, ngokunikezwa kwesikhathi sangempela, okuxhunywe kumongo we-geospatial, ukuphendula izinqubo ezinamathele kumodeli yebhizinisi nezindawo zokuxhumana ezisetshenziswa kumakhalekhukhwini, kungubufakazi bezinga imboni elihlinzeka ngalo elingahumusha ngalo isidingo somsebenzisi.

Eminye imigomo yenguquko yedijithali edlule

PC - CAD - PLM - Inthanethi - GIS - imeyili - Wiki - http - GPS 

Ukwenziwa okusha ngakunye kwaba nabalandeli babo, abanamathele kwimodeli eguqula izimboni ezahlukahlukene. I-PC kwakuyi-artifact eyashintsha ukuphathwa kwemibhalo ephathekayo, i-CAD yathumela ezinqolobaneni amatafula wokudweba kanye nezinto eziyinkulungwane zobuciko ezazingangeni kudrowa, i-mail ye-elekthronikhi yaba yindlela ezenzakalelayo yedijithali ukuxhumana ngendlela esemthethweni; bonke bagcina bephethwe ngamazinga ngokwamukelwa komhlaba wonke; okungenani ngokombono womhlinzeki. Lokho kuguqulwa okuvela ekuguqulweni kwedijithali kwangaphambilini kugxile ekwengezeni inani kulwazi lwezwe nolwe-alphanumeric, olunikeza amandla amabhizinisi amaningi wanamuhla. Imodeli okushintshwe ngayo lokhu kuguqulwa kwaba ukuxhumana komhlaba wonke; ngamanye amagama, umthetho olandelwayo we-http esingakwazanga ukuwususa kuze kube namuhla. Lezi zinhlelo ezintsha zalusebenzisa ngokunenzuzo ulwazi, izimo zokuxhuma futhi zaphenduka amasiko amasha amasiko esiwabona namuhla njenge-Uber, i-Airbnb, i-Udemy, iNetflix.

Kepha namhlanje, siseminyango yenguquko entsha yedijithali, ezokonakalisa konke lokhu.

Amagama amasha:

I-Block Chain - 4iR - IoT - I-Digital Twin - Idatha enkulu - i-AI - i-VR 

Ngenkathi amagama amasha ebonakala nje emane eyimfashini yemfashini ye-hashtag, asinakuphika ukuthi inguquko yesine yezimboni isiseduze, yenzeka ngokwahlukana emikhakheni eminingi. I-Intanethi ngalesi sikhathi ithembisa ukuba nokuningi kakhulu; ukusebenzisa konke okufeziwe kuze kube namuhla, kepha ukwephula amapharadayimimu angekho ezingeni lemakethe elingasaxhumanisi kuphela amakhompyutha nezinsimbi; kunalokho, lixhuma imisebenzi yabantu ezimeni zabo.

Asikho isisho esisodwa esingaqinisekisa ukuthi isimo esisha sizoba njani, yize izwi labaholi bezimboni abaphambili lisikisela okuningi, uma sithatha ukuma okuqinile nobufakazi obuvuthiwe bokuvuthwa. Eminye imibono, ubukhulu namathuba ale nguquko entsha anokukhetha kosomathuba kulabo abanethemba lokuthengisa namuhla. Ohulumeni, esweni elilinganiselwe labaholi babo, imvamisa babona ukuthi ibhizinisi noma ukuvuselelwa kwesikhundla sabo kungamelela kanjani esikhathini esifushane, kepha ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, okuxakayo ukuthi, ngabasebenzisi abajwayelekile, abanentshisekelo ngezidingo zabo, abanokugcina izwi.

Futhi ngenkathi isimo esisha sithembisa imithetho engcono yokuhlalisana ndawonye, ​​ikhodi yamahhala ehlala ngokuhlangana okukhethekile, okusimeme kwemvelo, amazinga avela ekuvumelaneni; Akekho oqinisekisa ukuthi abalingisi abanjengohulumeni kanye nezifundiswa bazobamba iqhaza labo ngesikhathi esifanele. Cha; akekho ongabikezela ukuthi kuzoba njani; sazi kuphela okuzokwenzeka.

I-Digital Twin - I-TCP entsha / IP entsha?

Futhi njengoba sazi ukuthi kuzokwenzeka ngendlela yokuthi singaziboni izinguquko ezihamba kancane, kuzodingeka silulungele lolu shintsho. Siyazi ukuthi kulo mcimbi ubuhlakani nokuvumelana ngeke kugwemeke kulabo abakuqonda ukuzwela kwemakethe exhunywe emhlabeni jikelele futhi lapho inani elengeziwe lingaveli nje kuphela kuzinkomba zamanani esitoko kepha nasempendulweni yomthengi oqhubeka nokuba namandla ngekhwalithi yezinsizakalo. Amazinga ngokungangabazeki azodlala indima yawo enhle kakhulu ekuqinisekiseni ukulingana phakathi kokuhlinzekwa kwemboni ngobuciko kanye nezidingo zabasebenzisi bokugcina.

IDijithali Twin ifisa ukuzibeka endaweni yefilosofi yalolu shintsho lwedijithali.

Ngabe le protocol entsha ifisa ini?

Ukuze i-http / TCIP ibe inqubo evamile yokuxhumana, esasebenza nanamuhla lapho kubhekene nokuvela kobuchwepheshe nomphakathi, kuye kwadingeka idlule kwinqubo yokubusa, ukuvuselela kanye nentando yeningi / ubushiqela umsebenzisi ejwayelekile engaziwa. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, umsebenzisi akazange alazi ikheli le-IP, akusadingeki ukuthayipha i-www, futhi injini yokusesha yathatha indawo yesidingo sokuthayipha i-http. Kodwa-ke, yize imboni ikungabaza ukulinganiselwa kwabadala ngaleli zinga, uhlala eyiqhawe elephule izindlela zokuxhumana zomhlaba wonke.

Kepha umthetho olandelwayo omusha ungaphezu kokuxhuma amakhompyutha nezingcingo. Izinsizakalo zefu zamanje, kunokugcina amakhasi nedatha, ziyingxenye yokusebenza kwansuku zonke kwezakhamizi, ohulumeni namabhizinisi. Kungesinye sezizathu zokufa komthetho olandelwayo wokuqala, osuselwa kumakheli e-IP, ngoba manje kuyadingeka ukuxhuma amadivayisi asukela kumshini wokuwasha odinga ukuthumela umyalezo wokuthi usuqedile ukuphotha izingubo, kuzinzwa zebhuloho Ukuqapha kwesikhathi sangempela kufanele kubike isimo sakho sokukhathala kanye nesidingo sokugcinwa. Lokhu, kunguqulo yabangenalwazi, yalokho esikubiza nge-intanethi yezinto; lapho umthetho olandelwayo omusha kufanele uphendule khona.

Iphrothokholi entsha, uma ifuna ukuba esezingeni, kufanele ikwazi ukuxhumeka ngaphezu kolwazi ngesikhathi sangempela. Njengobubanzi, kufanele ibandakanye yonke indawo ekhona futhi entsha eyakhiwe, kanye nokuhlangana kwendawo yemvelo kanye nensizakalo enikezwe kwezenhlalo, ezomnotho nezemvelo.

Ngokombono webhizinisi, indinganiso entsha kufanele ibukeke njengokumelwa kwedijithali kwempahla ebonakalayo; njengephrinta, ifulethi, isakhiwo, ibhuloho. Kepha ngaphezu kokumodela, kulindeleke ukuthi ingeze inani ekusebenzeni; ukuze ivumele ukwenza izinqumo ezinolwazi kangcono futhi kube nemiphumela engcono.

Ngokombono wezwe, iphrothokholi entsha idinga ukukwazi ukudala imvelo yamamodeli amaningi axhunyiwe; njengazo zonke izimpahla zezwe, ukuze kukhululwe inani elithe xaxa ngokusebenzisa leyo datha yenhloso yomphakathi.

Ngokombono wokukhiqiza, iphrothokholi entsha idinga ukwazi ukulinganisa umjikelezo wempilo; lula ngokwenzeka kuzo zonke izinto, izinto ezifana nomgwaqo, ipulani, imoto; okungaphatheki njengokutshalwa kwezitoko, uhlelo lwamasu, umdwebo we-gannt. Izinga elisha kufanele lenze lula ukuthi bonke bayazalwa, bakhule, bakhiqize imiphumela, futhi bafe ... noma bayaguqulwa.

Amawele ledijithali afisa ukuba yileso sivumelwano esisha.

Ngabe isakhamuzi silindeleni ngenguquko entsha yeDijithali?

Isimo esihle kakhulu sokuthi kuzoba njani kulezi zimo ezintsha, ukungacabangi ngalokho esikutshelwa yiHollywood, ngabantu abangaphakathi kwedome elilawulwa yi-elite elilawula umsebenzi wabantu abasindile emhlabeni we-post-apocalyptic lapho kungasakwazi khona ukubona ukuthi iqiniso likhona kangakanani sekulingisa; noma ngakolunye uhlangothi olubi kakhulu, isilungiselelo esimnandi lapho yonke into iphelele khona kangangokuba umzwelo webhizinisi lomuntu walahleka.

Kepha kufanele kucatshangwe ngekusasa; Okungenani kwalesi sihloko.

Uma sikubona ekulangazelelekeni kwabasebenzisi ababili abakhulu ohlelweni lwehhovisi langaphambili, esizobabiza ngokuthi Ababambiqhaza. Umuntu obambe iqhaza odinga ukwaziswa kahle ukuze enze izinqumo ezingcono, kanye nesakhamuzi esidinga usizo olungcono ukuze sikhiqize; ukukhumbula ukuthi lo muntu onentshisekelo angaba yisakhamuzi ngasodwana noma eqenjini elisebenza njengeqhaza lomphakathi, elizimele noma elixubile.

Ngakho-ke sikhuluma ngezinsizakalo; NginguGolgi Alvarez, futhi ngidinga ukwakha isandiso esitezi sesithathu sebhilidi lami; ukuthi ubaba wakha ngo-1988. Okwamanje, asikhohlwe amagama, amagama noma ama-acronyms angcolisa lesi sigameko futhi ake sikugcine kulula.

UJuan Medina ubamba ukuthi lesi sicelo samukelwa ngesikhathi esifushane, ngentengo ephansi kakhulu, ngokukhanya okukhulu kakhulu, ukulandelela kanye nobuncane bezidingo nabalamuli.  

Isiphathimandla sidinga ukuba nolwazi olwanele ukwamukela lesi sinqumo ngokuphepha, ukuze kulandeleke ukuthi ngubani, yini, nini futhi kuphi ofaka isicelo: ngoba uma samukele lesi sinqumo, kufanele okungenani sibe nesimo sokugcina soshintsho esenziwe , nokulandelelwa okufanayo okunikelile. Lokhu kuphendula ngokuthi «Ukuguqulwa kwengqalasizinda ehlakaniphile, izindlela zokwakha zesimanje kanye nomnotho wedijithali kuveza amathuba akhulayo okuthuthukisa ikhwalithi yempilo yezakhamizi".

 Inani inani ledatha elikulesi simo, lingaphezu kokuba nemodeli eyodwa enezwe enomhlaba wonke; kunalokho, sikhuluma ngokuba namamodeli axhunyiwe ngokuya ngezinhloso zokungenelela kokuhamba komsebenzi:

  • Isakhamuzi ukuthi esikudingayo siyimpendulo (inqubo),
  • okugunyazayo kudinga umthetho (we-geospatial zoning), 
  • umqambi uphendula ukuthi kudizayine (Model BIM to be), 
  • umakhi uphendula kumphumela (ipulani, isabelomali, amacebo), 
  • abahlinzeki abaphendula kuhlu lokufakwayo (imininingwane), 
  • umphathi ophendula kumphumela wokugcina (BIM njengemodeli eyakhiwe).

Kusobala ukuthi ukuba namamodeli axhunyiwe kufanele kube lula kubalamuli, ukwazi ukwenza ukuqinisekiswa ukuthi ezimweni ezinhle kakhulu ukuzenzela komsebenzisi wokugcina; Noma okungenani, okusobala nokulandelekayo, kwehliselwe ezinyathelweni eziphansi. Ekugcineni, okudingwa yisakhamuzi ukuthola ukugunyazwa nokwakha; ngenkathi uhulumeni evuma ngokwemithetho yakhe futhi ethola imininingwane yezwe lokugcina. Ngakho-ke, ukuxhumana phakathi kwamamodeli wehhovisi langemuva kuphela kulawa maphuzu amathathu, afaka inani.  

Umnikazi wenze ukwakhiwa abekakulindele, uHulumeni waqinisekisa ukuthi umsebenzi wenziwa ngokulandela imithethonqubo futhi ngaphandle kwemizamo emikhulu eqinisekisiwe yokugcina imininingwane yakhe ivuselelwa. Ukuhluka kungokwenhloso kuphela.

Yize umenzi wefa, umenzi kanye nomphakeli wezinto zokwakha inani elingeziwe ezinye izici; kodwa ngendlela efanayo labo ubudlelwano kufanele benziwe lula.

Uma silibona ngombono oyisibonelo, lolu hlelo lokusebenza esilenzile ekwakhiweni lungabekwa ezingeni elifanayo ngezinqubo ezifanayo: ukuthengiswa kwempahla, ukubanjiswa kwempahla, isicelo semalimboleko, ilayisense yokusebenza kwebhizinisi, ukuxhashazwa kwemithombo yemvelo, noma ukuvuselela wecebo lokuklanywa kwedolobha. Okuhlukile kusezici ezifana nezinga nezindlela; kepha uma benemodeli efanayo yesizinda, kufanele bakwazi ukuxhumana.

Amawele weDijithali, afisa ukuba yimodeli evumela ukumisa futhi axhumanise izethulo eziphindaphindwayo, ngezinga lendawo lendawo, isikali sesikhashana nezindlela.

Yini esingayilindela kwizinkambiso zeGemini.

Isibonelo esedlule yicala elilula elisetshenziswe ekuphathweni phakathi kwesakhamuzi neziphathimandla; kepha njengoba kubonakala ezigabeni zokugcina, amamodeli ahlukene adinga ukuxhumeka; ngaphandle kwalokho iketanga lizoqhekeka kusixhumanisi esibuthakathaka. Ukuze lokhu kwenzeke, kuyadingeka ukuthi uguquko lwedijithali lufake yonke indawo eyakhiwe ngendlela ejwayelekile, ukuqinisekisa ukusetshenziswa, ukusebenza, ukunakekelwa, ukuhlela nokulethwa okungcono kwempahla kazwelonke neyasekhaya, izinhlelo kanye nezinsizakalo. Kumele ilethe izinzuzo kuwo wonke umphakathi, umnotho, izinkampani kanye nemvelo.

Okwamanje, isibonelo esihle kakhulu esikhuthazayo yi-UK. Ngesiphakamiso sayo semigomo eyisisekelo yeGemini kanye nomgwaqo waso; Kepha ngaphambi kokuthi sibhale abangani njengabaphikisana njalo nomkhuba wabo wamanje we-queer njalo benza konke ngendlela ehlukile kepha ehlelwe ngokomkhosi. Kuze kube namuhla, Amazinga WaseBrithani (BS) abe nomthelela omkhulu emazingeni anobubanzi bamazwe; lapho umsebenzi wezinhlelo zamanje ezifana ne-i3P, ICG, DTTG, UK BIM Alliance uhloniphekile.

Ngokuhambisana nalokhu kwe-United Kingdom, simangazwa yilokhu kwethulwa yiDigital Framework Working Group (DFTG), ehlanganisa amazwi asemqoka aqhamuka kuhulumeni, ezemfundo nakwezimboni ukuze kufinyelelwe ekuvumelaneni ngezincazelo eziyisisekelo namanani Isiqondisi esidingekayo ukuqinisa uguquko lwedijithali. 

Ngehhovisi likamongameli eliphethe uMark Enzer, i-DFTG isayine imizamo ethokozisayo yokwakhiwa koHlaka oluqinisekisa ukuphathwa kahle kolwazi kuyo yonke imvelo eyakhiwe, kubandakanya ukushintshaniswa kwedatha okuphephile. Lo msebenzi, kuze kube manje, unemibhalo emibili:

Izimiso zeGemini:

Lawa umhlahlandlela kumanani "wokuqwashisa" wohlaka lokulawulwa kolwazi, okubandakanya izimiso eziyi-9 ezihlukaniswe izimbazo ezi-3 ngokulandelayo:

Inhloso: Ukulunga komphakathi, ukudala ivelu, Umbono.

Ukuthembela: Ukuphepha, ukukhululeka, ikhwalithi.

Umsebenzi: Federation, Healing, Evolution.

Indlela Yomgwaqo.

Lolu uhlelo olubekwe kuqala ukuthuthukisa uhlaka lokulawulwa kolwazi, olunemifudlana emi-5 egcina ubuhlakani beGemini ngendlela yokudlulisa.  

Ngamunye wale mifudlana unendlela yawo ebucayi, enemisebenzi exhumene kepha encike kokunye; njengoba kukhonjisiwe kwigrafu. Le misinga yile:

  • Finyelela, enemisebenzi engu-8 ebucayi nemibili engabalulekile. Ukhiye ngoba incazelo yawo iyadingeka ukuze kusebenze amandla.
  • Ukubusa, enemisebenzi emi-5 ebucayi nemibili engabalulekile. Kungukusakazwa okuncike kokuncane.
  • Okuvamile, enemisebenzi eyi-6 ebucayi neyi-7 engabalulekile, iyona ebanzi kakhulu.
  • Nika amandla, ngemisebenzi emi-4 ebucayi ne-6 engabucayi, nokuxhumana okuningi nokuphathwa kokushintsha.
  • Shintsha, Imisebenzi eyi-7 ebucayi neyi-1 engabalulekile. Kuyinto yamanje indlela yayo ebucayi iyintambo eqhubayo.

Njengoba kungabonakala kulo mkhakha, akuhloselwe nje ukuthi i-UK ibe yinguqulelo yayo yedijithali iBrexit, noma ukuthanda kwayo ukushayela ngemizila engakwesokunxele. Uma ufuna ukukhuthaza imodeli yokuxhuma amawele edijithali anobubanzi bukazwelonke, udinga ukuphakamisa okuthile okungaqondanisa imboni, ikakhulukazi ngokwamazinga. Izici ezilandelayo zigqama maqondana nalokhu:

  • 1.5 Ukuvumelana nezinye izindlela.

Ama-akhronimi ale nto angaphezulu kokwanele, ukuhlonipha lokhu kubheja; Izindinganiso ze-ISO, amazinga ase-Europe (CEN), ukuqondanisa ne-Innovate UK, i-Building SMART, i-W3C, i-BIM UK, i-DCMS, i-i-3P, i-DTTG, i-IETF.

  • Ukufinyelela kwamazwe omhlaba.

Lapha sikhuluma ngokuhlonza nokuphatha indawo yokwamukela izivakashi ngezinhlelo, imizamo kanye namathuba esimweni samazwe omhlaba ngama-synergies. Kuyathakazelisa ukuthi banakho ekucabangeni kwabo ukufunda ngemikhuba emihle yamazwe asevele eyazama; kufaka phakathi amandla wokuhlanganisa iqembu lokushintshana kolwazi lwamazwe omhlaba, kufaka phakathi i-Australia, New Zealand, Singapore neCanada.

Idokhumenti yabesifazane ebizwa ngokuthi yi-Gemini imigomo, ukufezekisa ukuvumelana okubalulekile phakathi kwabaholi bezimboni eziphambili, izoba yilokho okwaba yi- "Cadastre 2014» ekupheleni kweminyaka yama-2012s, eyasungula izici zezimpawu zokuphathwa komhlaba, okwathi kamuva nge-doe I-Consensus isebenza nezinhlelo ezinjenge-INSPIRE, LandXML, ILS ne-OGC, zaba ngonyaka we-19152 indinganiso ye-ISO-XNUMX, eyaziwa namuhla ngokuthi yi-LADM.

Kulokhu, kuzokujabulisa ukubona ukuthi abaholi abakhulu embonini yezobuchwepheshe abaye baletha amamodeli abo bavumelana kanjani; Ngokubuka kwami ​​okuthile, angukhiye:

  • Iqembu le-SIEMENS - iWindows - Microsoft - Topcon, ezithi ngandlela-thile zenze cishe isimo esiphelele kumjikelezo we-Geo-Engineering; ukubamba, ukumodela, ukuklama, ukusebenza nokuhlanganiswa.
  • Iqembu le-HEXAGON - ukuthi inesethi yezisombululo ezifanayo ezifanayo nezilinganiso ezithokozisayo kwipothifoliyo ehlukaniswe kwezolimo, impahla, indiza, ukulondolozwa, ukuzivikela nobuhlakani, izimayini, ezokuhamba kanye nohulumeni.
  • Iqembu leTrimble -ogcina okulingana nalokhu okubili okwedlule, ngezinzuzo eziningi zokuma kanye nobumbano nabantu besithathu, njenge-ESRI.
  • Iqembu le-AutoDesk - ESRI ukuthi emzamweni wakamuva funa ukwengeza amaphothifoliyo ezimakethe lapho zimelele khona.
  • Futhi abanye abadlali, abanamanyathelo abo okuqala, amamodeli nezimakethe; nalabo abadinga ukucacisa ukubamba kwabo iqhaza kanye nokuvumelana. Isibonelo, General Electric, Amazon noma IRS.

Ngakho-ke, njengalapho ubaba engiyisa e-rodeo ukuze ngibone ukuthi ama-cowboys ayilawula kanjani inkunzi, kusuka esibayeni sethu asinakho okunye esingakwenza ngaphandle kokubona lokho esikubona ngeso lengqondo. Kepha ngokuqinisekile kuzoba umqhudelwano omuhle, lapho lowo ofinyelela ukuvumelana mkhulu, lapho ukuqondaniswa kungeza inani elingaphezulu kwamaphoyinti amasheya esikhwameni.

Indima ye-BIM njengamawele eDijithali

I-BIM ibe nomthelela omkhulu nokuqhubeka kwayo esikhathini esiningi, hhayi ngoba ifaka ukuphathwa kwedijithali kwamamodeli we-3D, kodwa ngoba kuyindlela eyavunyelwana ngabaholi abakhulu bemikhakha yezokwakha, yobunjiniyela neyokwakha.  

Futhi, umsebenzisi wokugcina akazi izinto eziningi ezenzeka ku-backroom yamazinga; njengomsebenzisi we-ArchiCAD owayengasho ukuthi wayekwenzile ngaphambi kokuthi abizwe nge-BIM; ngokweqiniso kuyiqiniso, kepha ubukhulu njengezindlela emazingeni 2 no-3 budlulela ngalapha kolwazi olungenakuguqulwa, futhi luhlose ukuphatha imijikelezo yokusebenza hhayi nje kwengqalasizinda kepha futhi nomongo.

Bese kuba nombuzo. I-BIM ayanele?

Mhlawumbe umehluko omkhulu walokho ama-Digital Twins akuphakamisayo ukuthi ukuxhuma yonke into akuyona nje ukuxhuma ingqalasizinda. Ukucabanga ezimweni zomhlaba ezixhumene kusho ukuthi amasistimu wokuxhuma angenayo imodeli yokuma kwezwe. Ngakho-ke, sisesigabeni esisha kuphela sokunwetshwa komongo, lapho kungekho noyedwa umuntu ozothatha indima ayidlalile futhi ozoqhubeka nokufeza indlela ye-BIM, kepha okuthile okuphezulu kuzokumunca noma ukuyihlanganise.

Ake sibheke izibonelo:

Ngenkathi uChrit Lemenn efuna ukuletha iCore Cadastre Domain Model esezingeni lokuphathwa komhlaba, kwadingeka ukuthi alinganise imihlahlandlela evela ku-INSPIRE nekomidi lobuchwepheshe kumazinga ezindawo. Ngakho-ke noma ngabe siyafuna noma cha

  • Ngokwesimo se-INSPIRE, ISO: 19152 iyindinganiso yokuphathwa kwe-cadastral,
  • Ngokuqondene namakilasi aphezulu we-LADM, kumele ahambisane namazinga endawo ye-OGC TC211.

I-LADM iyizinga elikhethekile lemininingwane yomhlaba. Ngakho-ke, yize indinganiso yeLandInfra iyifaka, iphula ngokufuna izinto ezilula, ngoba kungcono ukuba nezinga lengqalasizinda nelilodwa lomhlaba, bese uzixhumanisa lapho ukushintshaniswa kolwazi kunezela khona inani.

Ngakho-ke, kumongo wamaDijithali amawele, i-BIM ingaqhubeka nokuba yindlela elawula amazinga wokumodela ingqalasizinda; Izinga 2, nakho konke ukuxakaniseka kwemininingwane okudingeka ukwakhiwa nokwakhiwa. Kepha ukusebenza nokuhlanganiswa kwezinga 3, kuzothwala umkhuba owenziwe lula ngokwengeziwe wokuhlanganiswa kwenani elengeziwe hhayi ukuthanda ukuthi konke kufanele kukhulunywe ngolimi olufanayo.

Kuningi okuzoxoxwa ngakho; inani ledatha, ukwephulwa kwezithiyo, ulwazi oluvulekile, ukusebenza kwengqalasizinda, ukudala okuphumelelayo, ukusebenza ...

"Ukuguqulwa kwengqalasizinda ehlakaniphile, izindlela zokwakha zesimanje kanye nomnotho wedijithali kuveza amathuba akhulayo okuthuthukisa impilo yezakhamizi"

Noma ngubani ophethe ukuhlanganisa abadlali abaphambili ngemuva kwale filosofi, ukuqonda ukubaluleka kokuhle komphakathi, ezomnotho, umphakathi kanye nemvelo ... uzoba nezinzuzo ezinkulu.  

Shiya impendulo

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

Le sayithi isebenzisa i-Akismet ukunciphisa ugaxekile. Funda ukuthi idatha yakho yokuphawula isetshenziswa kanjani.