I-Digital Twin - Ifilosofi yenguquko entsha yedijithali

Ingxenye yalabo abafunda le ndatshana bazalwa benobuchwepheshe ezandleni zabo, bejwayela ushintsho lwedijithali njengeqiniso. Kwesinye isigamu yithina esingofakazi bokuthi i-computer iminyaka yafika kanjani ngaphandle kokucela imvume; ukukhahlela umnyango nokuguqula lokho esikwenze ezincwadini, ephepheni noma kwizikhungo zasendulo zekhompyutha ezazingaphenduli kalula kumarekhodi we-alphanumeric nemidwebo eqondile. Lokho isoftware egxile kwe-BIM okwenzayo njengamanje, ngokunikela ngesikhathi sangempela, okuhlangene nomongo we-geospatial, ukuphendula ezinqubekweni ezinamathiselwe kumodeli yebhizinisi kanye nezinkundla zokuxhumana ezisetshenziswa kusuka kumakhalekhukhwini Isidingo somsebenzisi

Eminye imigomo yenguquko yedijithali edlule

PC - CAD - PLM - I-inthanethi - GIS - i-imeyili - Wiki - http - GPS

Ukuqamba ngakunye kwakunabalandeli bawo, ababanamathelela kumodeli eyaguqula izimboni ezahlukahlukene. I-PC kwakuyisiqalo esashintsha ukuphathwa kwemibhalo ebonakalayo, i-CAD yathumela amatafula okudweba kuma-wineries nasezinkulungwaneni eziyinkulungwane ezingalingani kumakhabethe, i-imeyili yaba yindlela ezenzakalelayo yedijithali yokuxhumana ngokusemthethweni; bonke bagcina ukulandela imigomo ngokwamukelwa komhlaba wonke; okungenani kusukela ngokombono womhlinzeki. Lokho kuguqulwa kwenguquko yedijithali yangaphambilini kugxile ekwandiseni inani olwazini lwendawo kanye ne-alphanumeric, okufukuze iningi lamabhizinisi wanamuhla ngokwahlukana. Imodeli okwenziwa kuyo lokhu kuguqulwa yayiwukuxhumana komhlaba wonke; okungukuthi, umthetho olandelwayo we-http esingakhange usisuse namhlanje. Lezi zinyathelo ezintsha zasebenzisa lolu lwazi, izimo zokuxhuma futhi zabaguqula amasiko amasha amasiko namuhla esiwabona njenge-Uber, Airbnb, Udemy, Netflix.

Kepha namhlanje, siseminyango yenguquko entsha yedijithali, ezokonakalisa konke lokhu.

Amagama amasha:

Chain block - 4iR - IoT - Digital Twin - Idatha Enkulu - AI - VR

Ngenkathi amagama amasha abonakala njengamakhombisa wemfashini we-hashtag kuphela, asikwazi ukwenqaba ukuthi inguquko yesine yezimboni isemnyango, isenza ngokwehlukana emikhakheni eminingi. I-Intanethi yalomcimbi ithembisa ukuthi ingaphezulu kakhulu; ukusebenzisa okuhle kwakho konke okutholakele kuze kube manje, kepha ukwephula ubucayi obungeyona imakethe engasafaki nje ukuxhuma amakhompyutha nama-mobiles; Ixhuma imisebenzi yabantu kwizimo zabo.

Akukho nendaba eyodwa engaqinisekisa ukuthi lesi simo esisha sizoba njani, yize izwi labaholi abasemkhakheni obalulekile lisikisela ngokuqinile, uma samukela isimo esibucayi nokwazisa ukuvuthwa. Eminye imibono, ubukhulu kanye namathuba ale nguquko entsha, inezethuba ezinethuba zalabo abalindele ukuthengisa namuhla. Ohulumeni, ngokubona okulinganiselwe kwabaholi babo, imvamisa babona nje ukuthi ibhizinisi noma ukukhethwa kabusha kwezikhundla zabo kungameleni esikhathini esifushane, kepha ekuhambeni kwesikhathi kungabasebenzisi abajwayelekile, abanesidingo ngezidingo zabo abanolwazi lwakamuva izwi.

Futhi yize lesi simo esisha sithembisa imithetho engcono yokuhlala ndawonye, ​​ikhodi yamahhala yokuhlala ngasese, ukuzinza kwemvelo, amazinga avela ekuvumelaneni; akekho oqinisekisa ukuthi abadlali abanjengohulumeni nabezemfundo bazophila ngeqhaza labo ngesikhathi esifanele. Cha akekho ongabikezela ukuthi kuzoba njani; Siyazi kuphela ukuthi kuzokwenzekani.

I-Digital Twin - I-TCP entsha / IP entsha?

Futhi njengoba sazi ukuthi kuzokwenzeka ngendlela yokuthi singakwazi ukubona ushintsho oluhamba kancane, kuzodingeka ukuthi silungele lolu shintsho. Siyazi ukuthi ngalo mcimbi ubuhlakani nokuvumelana kuzogwemeka kulabo abaqonda uzwela bemakethe exhunywe emhlabeni jikelele futhi lapho inani elingeziwe lingabonakali nje kuphela ezinkombeni zemakethe yesitoko kodwa nasekuphenduleni komthengi onamandla kakhulu kuzinga lezinsizakalo. Ngokungangabazeki, izindinganiso zizodlala indima yazo enhle yokuqinisekisa ukulingana phakathi kokulethwa kwemboni nezidingo zabasebenzisi bokugcina.

IDijithali Twin ifisa ukuzibeka endaweni yefilosofi yalolu shintsho lwedijithali.

Ngabe le protocol entsha ifisa ini?

Ukuze i-http / TCIP ibe umthetho olandelwayo wokuxhumana, osasebenza namuhla ngaphambi kokuvela kobuchwepheshe kanye nomphakathi, kuye kwafuneka ukuthi kudlule kwinqubo yokubusa, yokuvuselela kanye nentando yeningi / yomashiqela umsebenzisi azijwayelekile. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, umsebenzisi akakaze azi ikheli le-IP, akusadingeki ukuthi uthayiphe i-www, futhi injini yokusesha yathatha indawo yesidingo sokuthayipha i-http. Kodwa-ke, yize imboni ibuze ngemikhawulo yabantu asebekhulile ngemuva kwaleli zinga, namanje iliqhawe elaphule izinhlaka zokuxhumana emhlabeni jikelele.

Kodwa iphrothokholi entsha idlula ngalapho kuxhuma amakhompyutha nezingcingo. Izinsizakalo zamafu zamanje, esikhundleni sokugcina amakhasi nemininingwane, ziyingxenye yokusebenza kwezimpilo zezakhamuzi zansuku zonke, ohulumeni namabhizinisi. Lesi ngesinye sezizathu zokufa kwephrothokholi yokuqala, esekwe kumakheli e-IP, ngoba manje sekudingeka ukuxhuma izinto zobuciko ezivela kumshini wokuwasha odinga ukuthumela umyalezo osuqedile ukusakaza izingubo, ezinzwa zebhuloho Ukuqashwa kwesikhathi sangempela kufanele kwazise isimo sakho sokukhathala kanye nesidingo sokulungiswa. Lokhu kunguhlobo olungenalwazi, lwalokho esikubiza nge-intanethi yezinto; lapho inqubo entsha kufanele iphendule khona.

Iphrothokholi entsha, uma ifuna ukuba standard, kumele ikwazi ukuxhumana ngaphezulu kwemininingwane yesikhathi sangempela. Njengomkhawulo, kufanele ubandakanye yonke imvelo ekhona futhi entsha eyakhelwe phansi, kanye nokuxhumanisa nendawo yemvelo kanye nensizakalo enikezwe emkhakheni wezenhlalo, wezomnotho nowezemvelo.

Ngokwendlela yenkampani, le nqubo entsha kumele ifane kakhulu nokumelwa yedijithali yezimpahla ezibonakalayo; njengeprinta, ifulethi, isakhiwo, ibhuloho. Kepha ngaphezu kokuwumodeli, kulindeleke ukuthi wengeze inani ekusebenzeni; ukuze kuvunyelwe ukwenza izinqumo ezinolwazi olungcono ngakhoke kube nemiphumela engcono.

Ngokombono wezwe, iphrothokholi entsha idinga ukukwazi ukudala imvelo yamamodeli amaningi axhunyiwe; njengazo zonke izimpahla zezwe, ukuze kukhululwe inani elithe xaxa ngokusebenzisa leyo datha yenhloso yomphakathi.

Ukusuka kwendlela yokukhiqiza, kuyadingeka ukuthi iphrothokholi entsha ikwazi ukukala umjikelezo wempilo; yenziwe lula kulokho okwenzeka kuzo zonke izinto, izinto ezifana nomgwaqo, isiza, imoto; i-immatadium efana nokutshalwa kwezimakethe zamasheya, uhlelo lwamasu, umdwebo we-gannt. Indinganiso entsha kumele yenze lula ukuthi bonke bazalwe, bakhule, bakhiqize imiphumela, futhi bafe ... noma baguquke.

Amawele ledijithali afisa ukuba yileso sivumelwano esisha.

Ngabe isakhamuzi silindeleni ngenguquko entsha yeDijithali?

Isimo esihle kakhulu sokuthi kuzoba njani kulezi zimo ezintsha, ukungacabangi ngalokho esikutshelwa yiHollywood, ngabantu abangaphakathi kwedome elilawulwa yi-elite elilawula umsebenzi wabantu abasindile emhlabeni we-post-apocalyptic lapho kungasakwazi khona ukubona ukuthi iqiniso likhona kangakanani sekulingisa; noma ngakolunye uhlangothi olubi kakhulu, isilungiselelo esimnandi lapho yonke into iphelele khona kangangokuba umzwelo webhizinisi lomuntu walahleka.

Kepha kufanele kucatshangwe ngekusasa; Okungenani kwalesi sihloko.

Uma sikubona kufisa ngabasebenzisi ababili abakhulu ohlelweni lwehhovisi elingemuva, esizobabiza abathintekayo. Iqembu elinentshisekelo elidinga ukwaziswa ngokugcwele ukwenza izinqumo ezingcono, kanye nesakhamuzi esidinga ukuthi izinsizakalo ezingcono zikhiqize kakhudlwana; khumbula ukuthi leli qembu elinentshisekelo lingaba yisakhamuzi ngawodwana noma eqenjini elibambe iqhaza elivela emphakathini, ngasese noma endimeni ehlanganisiwe.

Ngakho-ke sikhuluma ngezinsizakalo; NginguGolgi Alvarez, futhi ngidinga ukwakha isengezo esitezi sesithathu sesakhiwo sami; ukuthi ubaba wakhiwa ngonyaka we-1988. Okwamanje, asikhohlwe amagama, amamaki noma ama-akhronimi enza lesi simo singcolile futhi asizisekele kulula.

UJuan Medina ubamba ukuthi lesi sicelo samukelwa ngesikhathi esifushane, ngentengo ephansi kakhulu, ngokukhanya okukhulu kakhulu, ukulandelela kanye nobuncane bezidingo nabalamuli.

Isiphathimandla sidinga ukuthi sibe nolwazi olwanele lokuvuma lesi sinqumo ngendlela ephephile, ukuze kulandeke ukuthi ngubani, nini, nini futhi kuphi lapho efaka isicelo: ngoba uma sivuma lesi sinqumo, kufanele okungenani sibe nesimo sokugcina soshintsho olwenziwe , ngokulandela okufanayo okunikezwayo. Lokhu kuphendula kwisisekelo esithi «Ukuguqulwa kwengqalasizinda ehlakaniphile, izindlela zokwakha zesimanje kanye nomnotho wedijithali kuveza amathuba akhulayo okuthuthukisa ikhwalithi yempilo yezakhamizi".

Inani inani ledatha elikulesi simo, lingaphezu kokuba nemodeli eyodwa enezwe enomhlaba wonke; kunalokho, sikhuluma ngokuba namamodeli axhunyiwe ngokuya ngezinhloso zokungenelela kokuhamba komsebenzi:

  • Isakhamuzi ukuthi esikudingayo siyimpendulo (inqubo),
  • okugunyazayo kudinga umthetho (we-geospatial zoning),
  • umqambi uphendula ukuthi kudizayine (Model BIM to be),
  • umakhi uphendula kumphumela (ipulani, isabelomali, amacebo),
  • abahlinzeki abaphendula kuhlu lokufakwayo (imininingwane),
  • umphathi ophendula kumphumela wokugcina (BIM njengemodeli eyakhiwe).

Kuyacaca ukuthi ukuba namamodeli axhunyiwe kumele kwenze lula abalamuli, ukwazi ukusebenzisa amakhono okuqinisekisa ukuthi ezimeni ezinhle kakhulu kungukuzisebenzela komsebenzisi kokugcina; noma okungenani, kube sobala futhi kungalandeleka, kuncishiswe kwizinyathelo ezisezingeni eliphansi. Ekugcineni, okudingwa yisakhamuzi ukuba negunya futhi lakhe; ngenkathi uhulumeni evuma ngokuya ngemigomo yayo futhi ethola imininingwane ngesimo sokugcina. Ngakho-ke, ukuxhumana phakathi kwamamodeli wehhovisi elingaphambili-emuva kulawa maphuzu amathathu, anezela inani.

Umnikazi wenza ukwakhiwa abekulindele, uHulumeni waqinisekisa ukuthi lowo msebenzi wenziwa ngokuhambisana nemigomo futhi ngaphandle komzamo omkhulu wokuqinisekisa ukuthi imininingwane yakhe ivuselelwa. Ukwehluka ku-inhloso kuphela.

Yize umenzi wefa, umenzi kanye nomphakeli wezinto zokwakha inani elingeziwe ezinye izici; kodwa ngendlela efanayo labo ubudlelwano kufanele benziwe lula.

Uma sikubona kumbono oyisibonelo, lolu hlelo esilwenzile ekwakhiweni lungalinganiswa ngezinqubo ezifanayo: ukuthengiswa kwempahla, imali ebanjiswayo, isicelo semalimboleko, ilayisense lokusebenza kwebhizinisi, ukuxhashazwa kwezinsiza zemvelo, noma ukubuyekeza yepulani yokuhlelela amadolobha. Ukwehlukahluka kusezakhi ezinje ngezinga nezindlela; kepha uma benemodeli efanayo yesizinda, kufanele bakwazi ukuxhumana.

Amawele weDijithali, afisa ukuba yimodeli evumela ukumisa futhi axhumanise izethulo eziphindaphindwayo, ngezinga lendawo lendawo, isikali sesikhashana nezindlela.

Yini esingayilindela kwizinkambiso zeGemini.

Isibonelo esedlule yecala elilula elisetshenziswe ekuphathweni phakathi kwesakhamuzi negunya; kepha njengoba kubonakala ezigabeni zokugcina, kuyadingeka ukuthi amamodeli ahlukene axhumane; ngaphandle kwalokho iketanga lizophazamiseka kusixhumanisi esibuthakathaka kunazo zonke. Ukuze lokhu kwenzeke, kubalulekile ukuthi uguquko lwedijithali lubandakanye yonke imvelo eyakhiwe ngendlela ejwayelekile, ukuze ukusetshenziswa okungcono, ukusebenza, ukugcinwa, ukuhlelwa kanye nokulethwa kwempahla kazwelonke neyasekhaya, izinhlelo nezinsizakalo kuqinisekisiwe. Kufanele ulethe izinzuzo zomphakathi wonke, ezomnotho, zamabhizinisi kanye nemvelo.

Okwamanje, isibonelo esihle kunazo zonke yisibonelo se-United Kingdom. Ngokuphakanyiswa kwayo ngo-Fundamental Gemini kuMasipala kanye nemephu yawo yomgwaqo; kodwa ngaphambi kokuthi sibize abangani ukuthi bahlale bephikisana nalokhu kukhula kanye nomkhuba wabo ongumlando wokufuna njalo ukwenza konke ngendlela ehlukile kodwa ehlelekile. Kuze kube namuhla, amazinga aseBrithani (BS) abe nomthelela omkhulu kumazinga kufinyeleleka kwamanye amazwe; lapho umsebenzi wezinhlelo zamanje njenge-i3P, ICG, DTTG, UK BIM Alliance ihlonishwa.

Ngokuhambisana nalokhu kwe-United Kingdom, simangazwa yilokhu kwethulwa yiDigital Framework Working Group (DFTG), ehlanganisa amazwi asemqoka aqhamuka kuhulumeni, ezemfundo nakwezimboni ukuze kufinyelelwe ekuvumelaneni ngezincazelo eziyisisekelo namanani Isiqondisi esidingekayo ukuqinisa uguquko lwedijithali.

Ngobumongameli ophethe uMark Enzer, i-DFTG isisayine umzamo othokozisayo wokwenza Uhlaka olunikeza ukuphathwa kolwazi okusebenzayo kuyo yonke imvelo eyakhiwe, kufaka phakathi ukushintshaniswa kwedatha okuphephile. Lo msebenzi, kuze kube manje unama-dokhumenti amabili:

Izimiso zeGemini:

Lawa umhlahlandlela kumanani "wokuqwashisa" wohlaka lokulawulwa kolwazi, okubandakanya izimiso eziyi-9 ezihlukaniswe izimbazo ezi-3 ngokulandelayo:

Inhloso: Ukulunga komphakathi, ukudala ivelu, Umbono.

Ukuthembela: Ukuphepha, ukukhululeka, ikhwalithi.

Umsebenzi: Federation, Healing, Evolution.

Indlela Yomgwaqo.

Lolu uhlelo olubekwe kuqala ukuthuthukisa uhlaka lokulawulwa kolwazi, olunemifudlana emi-5 egcina ubuhlakani beGemini ngendlela yokudlulisa.

Unembe ngamunye ophezu komgwaqo unendlela yakhe ebucayi, enemisebenzi eqondile kepha ancike komunye nomunye; njengoba kukhonjisiwe kwigrafu. Le mikhakha yile:

  • Finyelela, ngemisebenzi engu-8 ebucayi kanye nemisebenzi emi-2 engabucayi. Ukhiye njengokuchazwa kwaso kuyadingeka ukwenza kusebenze amandla.
  • Ukubusa, ngemisebenzi emi-5 ebucayi nemisebenzi emi-2 engabucayi. Yinto yamanje enokuncipha okuncane.
  • Okuvamile, ngemisebenzi emi-6 ebucayi neka-7 engaqondile, iyona ebanzi kakhulu.
  • Nika amandla, ngemisebenzi emi-4 ebucayi ne-6 engabucayi, nokuxhumana okuningi nokuphathwa kokushintsha.
  • Shintsha, 7 imisebenzi ebucayi kanye ne-1 engabucayi. Yindlela yamanje indlela yayo ebucayi iyintambo evumayo.

Njengoba ukwazi ukubona kulesi silinganiso, awucabangi nje nge-United Kingdom njengeBrexit yakho yenguquko yedijithali, noma ukunambitheka kwakho ukushayela kulayini ongakwesobunxele. Uma ufuna ukukhuthaza imodeli yokuxhumeka kwamawele ledijithali enobubanzi bezwe, kubalulekile ukuphakamisa okuthile okungahambisana nomkhakha, ikakhulukazi ngamazinga. Izici ezilandelayo ziyahluka kulokhu:

  • 1.5 Ukuvumelana nezinye izindlela.

Ama-akhronimi ale nto angaphezulu kokwanele, ukuhlonipha lokhu kubheja; Izindinganiso ze-ISO, amazinga ase-Europe (CEN), ukuqondanisa ne-Innovate UK, i-Building SMART, i-W3C, i-BIM UK, i-DCMS, i-i-3P, i-DTTG, i-IETF.

  • Ukufinyelela kwamazwe omhlaba.

Lapha sikhuluma ngokuhlonza nokuphatha indawo yokwamukela izivakashi ngezinhlelo, imizamo kanye namathuba esimweni samazwe omhlaba ngama-synergies. Kuyathakazelisa ukuthi banakho ekucabangeni kwabo ukufunda ngemikhuba emihle yamazwe asevele eyazama; kufaka phakathi amandla wokuhlanganisa iqembu lokushintshana kolwazi lwamazwe omhlaba, kufaka phakathi i-Australia, New Zealand, Singapore neCanada.

Idokhumenti yabesifazane ebizwa ngokuthi yi-Gemini imigomo, ukufezekisa ukuvumelana okubalulekile phakathi kwabaholi bezimboni eziphambili, izoba yilokho okwaba yi- "Cadastre 2014» ekupheleni kweminyaka yama-2012s, eyasungula izici zezimpawu zokuphathwa komhlaba, okwathi kamuva nge-doe I-Consensus isebenza nezinhlelo ezinjenge-INSPIRE, LandXML, ILS ne-OGC, zaba ngonyaka we-19152 indinganiso ye-ISO-XNUMX, eyaziwa namuhla ngokuthi yi-LADM.

Kulokhu, kuzokujabulisa ukubona ukuthi abaholi abakhulu embonini yezobuchwepheshe abaye baletha amamodeli abo bavumelana kanjani; Ngokubuka kwami ​​okuthile, angukhiye:

  • Iqembu le-SIEMENS - iWindows - Microsoft - Topcon, ezithi ngandlela-thile zenze cishe isimo esiphelele kumjikelezo we-Geo-Engineering; ukubamba, ukumodela, ukuklama, ukusebenza nokuhlanganiswa.
  • Iqembu le-HEXAGON -unodidi lwezixazululo ezifanayo nezinezinto ezithokozisayo kwipothifoliyo ehlukaniswe kwezolimo, impahla, indiza, ukulondolozwa, ukuzivikela nobunhloli, izimayini, ezokuthutha kanye nohulumeni.
  • Iqembu leTrimble -ogcina okulingana nalokhu okubili okwedlule, ngezinzuzo eziningi zokuma nokuhlangana nabantu besithathu, njenge-ESRI.
  • Iqembu le-AutoDesk - ESRI ukuthi emzamweni wakamuva funa ukwengeza amaphothifoliyo ezimakethe lapho zimelele khona.
  • Futhi abanye abadlali, abanamanyathelo abo okuqala, amamodeli nezimakethe; nalabo abadinga ukucacisa ukubamba kwabo iqhaza kanye nokuvumelana. Isibonelo, General Electric, Amazon noma IRS.

Ngakho-ke, njengalapho ubaba wami engiyisa e-rodeo ukubona ukuthi ama-cowboy asebenzisa kanjani inkunzi, kusukela esibayeni sethu kufanele siqaphele esikubonayo. Kodwa ngokuqinisekile kuzoba umqhudelwano omuhle, lapho lowo ofinyelela ukuvumelana kukhulu khona, lapho ukuqondaniswa kunezela inani elithe xaxa kunamaphuzu wesitoko emakethe yamasheya.

Indima ye-BIM njengamawele eDijithali

I-BIM ibe nomthelela omkhulu nokuqhubeka kwayo esikhathini esiningi, hhayi ngoba ifaka ukuphathwa kwedijithali kwamamodeli we-3D, kodwa ngoba kuyindlela eyavunyelwana ngabaholi abakhulu bemikhakha yezokwakha, yobunjiniyela neyokwakha.

Futhi, umsebenzisi wokugcina akazi izinto eziningi ezenzeka ku-backroom yamazinga; njengomsebenzisi we-ArchiCAD owayengasho ukuthi wayekwenzile ngaphambi kokuthi abizwe nge-BIM; ngokweqiniso kuyiqiniso, kepha ubukhulu njengezindlela emazingeni 2 no-3 budlulela ngalapha kolwazi olungenakuguqulwa, futhi luhlose ukuphatha imijikelezo yokusebenza hhayi nje kwengqalasizinda kepha futhi nomongo.

Bese kuba nombuzo. I-BIM ayanele?

Mhlawumbe umehluko omkhulu kulokho okuqokwa yi-Digital Twins ukuthi ukuxhuma yonke into akuyona nje ukuxhuma ingqalasizinda. Ukucabanga ezimeni zomhlaba wonke ezixhumene kusho izindlela zokuxhuma ezingenayo imodeli yokuma komhlaba. Ngakho-ke, sisesigabeni esisha nje sokwandiswa kwengqikithi, lapho kungekho muntu ozosusa iphepha eligcwalisile futhi aqhubeke nokulandela inqubo ye-BIM, kodwa okuthile okuphakemeyo kuzolamukela noma kulihlanganisele.

Ake sibheke izibonelo:

Lapho uChrit Lemenn efuna ukuletha iCore Cadastre Domain Model ezingeni lokuphathwa komhlaba, kwadingeka ukuthi athole ibhalansi eneziqondisi ze-INSPIRE kanye nekomidi lobuchwepheshe lamazinga endawo. Ngakho-ke, uyayithanda noma cha,

  • Ngokwesimo se-INSPIRE, ISO: 19152 iyindinganiso yokuphathwa kwe-cadastral,
  • Ngokuqondene namakilasi aphezulu we-LADM, kumele ahambisane namazinga endawo ye-OGC TC211.

I-LADM iyindlela esezingeni eliphezulu ekhethekile imininingwane yomhlaba. Ngakho-ke, yize i-LandInfra ejwayelekile ifaka phakathi, iyagqekeza ngokufuna okulula, ngoba kungcono ukuthi kube nezinga lesakhiwo nengqalasizinda elilodwa, bese ubaxhumanisa endaweni lapho ukushintshaniswa kolwazi kunezela khona inani.

Ngakho-ke, ngokwesimo seDijithali Twins, i-BIM ingaqhubeka ibe yindlela elawula amazinga wokulinganiswa kwengqalasizinda; Ileveli 2, Ngobunkimbinkimbi bemininingwane ukuthi idizayini nezidingo zokwakha. Kepha ukusebenza nokuhlanganiswa kwezinga 3, kuzoholela enkambisweni elula kakhulu yokuhlanganiswa ngenani elengeziwe hhayi okufiswayo ukuthi konke kufanele kukhulunywe ngolimi olufanayo.

Kuningi okuzoxoxwa ngakho; inani ledatha, ukwephulwa kwezithiyo, ulwazi oluvulekile, ukusebenza kwengqalasizinda, ukudala okuphumelelayo, ukusebenza ...

"Ukuguqulwa kwengqalasizinda ehlakaniphile, izindlela zokwakha zesimanje kanye nomnotho wedijithali kuveza amathuba akhulayo okuthuthukisa impilo yezakhamizi"

Ubani okwazi ukuqoqela abadlali abasemqoka kule filosofi, ukuqonda ukubaluleka kokuhle komphakathi, umnotho, umphakathi kanye nemvelo ... uzoba nezinzuzo ezinkulu.

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