Guqula UTM izixhumanisi kuya Excel kwendawo

Ethunyelwe kwangaphambilini sibonise i-Excel ishidi ukuguqula izixhumanisi Indawo ye-UTM kusukela eshadini uGabriel Ortiz ayememezele.

Manje cabangela ithuluzi owenza inqubo efanayo in reverse, okusho ukuba UTM izixhumanisi (Universal Traverso Mercator) format nokwazi ndawo, futhi zindawo kwendawo uguqule ubude.

Asiqale ekwetayeta thina nale: njengoba-Google Earth, izixhumanisi Palacio de los Deportes eMexico kungaba X = 489513.59, Y = 2,145,667.38 ucabangela ukuthi i-Google Earth isebenzisa njengoba Datum WGS84. (Ukuze ukuthi awazi, ukubona UTM izixhumanisi wena amathuluzi kuphela / ongakhetha / vista3D / ukukhombisa lat / ubude)

isithombe

Ekuxhumaneni kwezwe, lokhu kuzoba yisikhathi eside = -8 ° -5 '-59 », lat = 19 ° 24' 18», (ukubonisa igridi kuGoogle Umhlaba uba "umbono / igridi")

isithombe

Ngincoma ukuthi uzijwayele ngale ndlela yokuhlola nokuqonda ukuthi i-UTM iqondisa kanjani umsebenzi ukuze uthole okungcono ithuluzi ku-Excel.

Ngikwenzile leli shidi lokho kuzoba usizo kakhulu kumngane owayekade efuna ukuthumela ku-Google Earth idatha ethile e-UTM.

lat eside google umhlaba

I-1 Indlela yokufaka idatha

Amasimu Yellow ukuqoqa izixhumanisi XY, futhi endaweni, lokhu kufanele yokunakekela njengesibonelo eMexico, izindawo esukela izixhumanisi elifanayo 16 21 ngakho ungaba ezindaweni ezahlukene.

lat eside google umhlaba

Okufanayo kwenzeka ne-hemisphere, njengoba kunjalo neColombia, i-Ecuador neBrazil enezindawo ezinhlangothini ezisenyakatho naseningizimu.

Futhi engxenyeni engenhla yi-reference spheroid lapho izixhumanisi ze-UTM ezikhiqizwa ngayo, lokhu akusikho izixhumanisi zokukhipha kodwa kunalokho izixhumanisi zokufaka.

I-2 Imiphumela ephumayo

isithombe

Amakholomu aluhlaza yizixhumanisi zendawo, izixhumanisi empumalanga ye-Greenwich meridian ziyoba zindawo ezinhle, labo abasempumalanga esentshonalanga bayoba nombi.

I-3 Ungabathumela kanjani ku-Google Earth

Ngisho nangaphambi kokuba sasibone izindlela ezimbalwa ukuze uthumele i-Excel ku-Google Earth yendawo UTM, ngakho sibheke, uma ufuna ukuthumela UTM izixhumanisi AutoCAD, le template ye-Excel ikuvumela ukuba ukwenze.

I-geoutm Downloads

 

Lapha ungalanda ithempulethi yokuguqula ukuxhumanisa kwe-UTM ku-Geographic.

Ungayithenga ngayo ikhadi lesikweletu.

Kuyinto engokomfanekiso uma umuntu ecabanga ukuthi isevisi iyinikeza futhi kulula kangakanani ukuthi itholakale.

 

 


Funda ukuthi ungenza kanjani lezi ezinye izifanekiso ku Inkambo yokukopela ye-Excel-CAD-GIS.


 

 

Izimpendulo eziyi-109 "Guqula ukuxhumanisa kwe-UTM kuye endaweni ene-Excel"

  1. Yonke imibono yangaphambilini inezinsuku ezedlule, zanamuhla uSepthemba wonyaka ka-2020, njengoba kunjalo ngezinguqulo ezinjalo, ubuchwepheshe balowo mzuzu buhlukile kunosuku lwanamuhla, ngabe luzoqhubeka lusebenza, kukhona ukuhlukahluka?

  2. Ntambama,

    Ngisanda kuthenga lo mdwebo kodwa akukho lutho olufika kimi. Ungakujabulela yini ukuhlola ukuthunyelwa kwalowo oshiwo kahle?

    Gracias
    Javier

  3. By the way, ngisanda kuthola le webhusayithi futhi ngiyathanda. Kusafanele ngiphuthelwe yisikhashana, kodwa kubukeka kukuhle.

  4. Angitholi ukuthi ngiyilande kuphi…. 🙁 Likuphi lelo tafula elihle kangaka?

  5. Ngingathanda ukwazi ukuthi kungani ngijoyina indawo efanayo yokuhlela ngivota imiphumela ehlukile ngokwesibonelo

  6. Uhlelo lwamafasitela e-vista noma i-excel sheet Ngingayisebenzisa futhi ngiyikhulule mahhala ukuguqula izixhumanisi zezindiza kuya kwi-geography noma i-viseversa, ngiyabonga kusengaphambili ukunakwa okwamanje.

    Ngokweqile,

    U-Efrain Peña Borda

  7. Kuhle ekuseni

    Ngingathanda ukwazi uma ngabe ngithebula ngetafula yakho (kusuka ku-UTM kuya ku-GEOGRAPHIC) izixhumanisi eziningi ngesikhathi esifanayo. Abaningi bathanda i-1000.

    Ngilindele impendulo yakho esheshayo, ngiyabonga.

  8. Nginesithakazelo somuntu siqu kwisifanekiso se-exel sokuguqula izixhumanisi ze-GTM KU-UTM NAMAFOMO
    Ngicela ungithumelele inombolo ye-akhawunti yenani lama-templates

  9. Sawubona, nginayo ispredishithi esiphezulu ukuhamba ukusuka kumadayimari kuya kumadridi, imizuzu, imizuzwana.
    Thola ukuxhumana nami

  10. Siyabonga othandekayo, ngizobona ukuthi yiyiphi indlela efinyeleleka kakhulu yokukhokha engingayenza.

  11. Sawubona, José Luis.
    Ayikho inkinga, ithempulethi iqukethe amakholomu lapho isekela ukuthi uyifake kufomethi yedesimali.
    Uma uyithenga, uxhumane nathi futhi sizokutshela ukuthi ungayenza kanjani.

  12. Sawubona, engikufunayo ukukwazi ukudweba izixhumanisi ezikwiMicroStation V8i, kepha i-HandHeld yami ibathumela kimi ngamadigri we-LAT W89.14298 N13.71391, futhi kufanele ngibaguqulele kwi-XY, ithempulethi ebabazisayo ibacela kubo ngeDegree, imizuzu namaSekondi.
    Ungangisiza ngalokhu? Ngiyabonga

  13. Okokuqala, ngiyabonga ngentshisekelo yakho.
    Hlola ukuthi yini oyifunayo, njengoba le template iguqulwa kusuka ku-UTM kuya kwendawo kodwa kunezinye izifanekiso eziqinisekisiwe ukwenza okufunayo.

    Bona kulesi sixhumanisi ezinye izifanekiso ezitholakalayo.
    http://geofumadas.com/descargas-utiles/

  14. UMBUZO ONGAKHENZISA I-EXCEL LEAF YOKUPHUMA ISIQEMO SOKUQALA NGOKUPHILA KANYE NOKUTHI UKUTHOLA UKUTHOLA.

  15. Ungasebenzisa ispredishithi ukuguqula izixhumanisi zendawo
    I-UTM iqondisa futhi njengoba

  16. Ngiguqulela kanjani ukuqondisa kwe-UTM kuya kwezixhumanisi zendawo?

  17. Isifanekiso sisebenza ngaphandle kwezinkinga

    Uma usishiya isibonelo, singabuyekeza.
    Yini izixhumanisi ozifakile, iyiphi indawo, imiphi imiphumela oyikhiqizayo, ukuthi uliphi izwe futhi sihlola ukubona ukuthi kwenzekani. Ungabi yindaba yokuhlukanisa amagama amancane ezinkulungwane noma zamadesimali.

  18. Sawubona, ngithenge ispredishithi, ngibeka izixhumanisi ukuze ngiziguqule kodwa bangithume kuleli zwekazi. Kungenzeka ukuthi kungenxa ye-zone, kuleli fomu libeka indawo ye-15, eChile lapho kufanele ngibeke khona indawo?

  19. Sawubona, ngidinga ukuguqula izixhumanisi ezinqoleni zamadesimali ukuze zixhumanise ngamadigri, imizuzu nemizuzwana.

  20. Impela ukuxhumanisa kwakho Futhi kubi, ngoba i-latitude iqala e-Ecuador futhi lapho ifinyelela e-El Salvador iyinombolo edlula isigidi esisodwa. Bheka ngoba kusobala ukuthi ikhona inkinga.

  21. Ukuthi kuleli lizwe ukuhlukahluka kobude ngamadigri kuyahluka phakathi kwe-87 ° ne-89 ° kanye ne-latitude phakathi kwe-13 ° ne-14 ° kuyizwe lase-Central America

  22. Yebo kodwa besingeke sazi ukuthi sithini. Wazi kanjani ukuthi kufanele kunikeze?
    Iyiphi i-Datum oyisebenzisayo?

    Bhala lapha izixhumanisi ngamamitha, futhi sizohlola i-converter yethu ukuze sibone ukuthi awunandaba yini.

  23. bheka, sebenzisa isiguquli esixhumanisa ukusuka kumamitha ukuya kuma-degree futhi imiphumela okufanele ngiyinikeze yi-89 ° ubude nobude be-13 °, kodwa yanginika i-89 ° ne-2 ° latitude sebenzisa i-16 zone kanye ne-North nentshonalanga ye-hemisphere engidinga ukuyazi ukuthi yenzani

  24. kune-google inhliziyo version evuma ukufaka amaphuzu ngezixhumanisi ze-UTM yi-6.2.1.6014 (beta)

  25. Angitholi indlela yokuthumela amadola we-2 futhi ngidinga ukulandwa ukuthi iqondise ifomu lokuguqula ngokushesha.

  26. Kulungile futhi kukhona yini okutholakalayo ekutholeni imephu yeVenezuela engitshela ukuthi izikhala noma izindawo zitholakala kuliphi iphuzu?

  27. Sawubona, nginezinye ukungabaza. Izixhumanisi ze-UTM zifana ne-REGVEN? kungukuthi ngidinga ukwazi izindawo lapho iVenezuela ihlukaniswe khona, ungangisiza yini ngaleyo ndlela?

  28. Kwezinye izimo kungenzeka ukuthi ukulanda kuyeke, noma ukuthi i-Proxi kusuka lapho uxhuma khona uvimba ukulanda. Noma kunjalo, uma lokhu kwenzeka, ungakwazisa ngeposi.

    Sithumele ithemplate ku-imeyili yakho.

    Ukubingelela

  29. Ayikwazi, iGoogle Earth ayemukeli ukuxhumanisa okufakwayo ngefomethi ye-UTM. Into ebaluleke kakhulu ukuthi uyenza ngohlelo lwe-GIS njengeMicrostation, i-gvSIG noma i-QGis, bese uyikhipha ku-kml ukuyibona kuGoogle Earth.

  30. Sawubona, bheka, nginesithakazelo kuzixhumanisi. Ngingathanda ukwazi ukuthi ngifaka kanjani izixhumanisi zami ze-google ngaphambili.

  31. Sawubona Miguel. Mayelana nombuzo wakho:
    -Ukuxhumanisa okukhonjiswa yiGoogle Earth nalabo obhekisa kubo yileyo eyaziwa njenge-UTM. Lolu hlelo luhlukanisa izwekazi libe yizindawo ze-60 ezisuka esigxotsheni ziye kwesinye, ama-6 degrees ubude. Ekuqondiseni kwaseMpumalanga, isifunda ngasinye sine-500,000 njenge-meridian ephakathi nendawo futhi ngakho-ke siyakhuphuka noma sinciphe size sifinyelele emkhawulweni we-zone, ngakho-ke ukuxhumanisa kwase-East kuyaphindaphindeka esifundeni ngasinye, kepha akuhlali kuyinto embi. Ngomqondo osenyakatho, iqala ngo-zero ukusuka kukhwetha, ibheke esigxotsheni esisenyakatho nasendaweni eseningizimu ye-hemisphere iqala esigxotsheni ize ifike kukhwetha.

    Lolu hlelo lubangela ubunzima emazweni ahileleke ezindaweni ezingaphezu kwesisodwa, uma iColombia iphakathi kwezindawo ze-17, 18 ne-19. Ngaphezu kwalokho, inobuhle obukhethekile bokuba nengxenye endaweni esenyakatho ye-hemisphere nenye endaweni eseningizimu ye-hemisphere.
    Ngakho amazwe anquma ukukhetha imvelaphi yamanga, ukunciphisa ukubunzima kwalokhu, yingakho kungenakwenzeka ukuthi izixhumanisi zihambisane nalabo aboniswe yiGoogle Earth.
    Ukuze wenze ukuguqulwa, i-Geographic Institutes inolwazi olunjengale:

    http://www.unalmed.edu.co/~janaya/clase3/cambio_coord_datum.htm

    Ungabuye ubuke lezi zixhumanisi:

    http://www.unalmed.edu.co/~janaya/clase3/clase3.htm
    http://geofumadas.com/entendiendo-la-proyeccin-utm/

  32. Kuhle ekuseni

    Lapho ngena ekhasini lewebhu, ngoba ngangifuna imininingwane yezixhumanisi ukuthi mina imininingwane engezansi:

    Ebalazweni yaseColombia elungiselelwe i-IGAC (i-Instituto Geografico Agustin Codazzi), izixhumanisi zebalazwe okukhulunywe ngayo azihambisani nezixhumanisi zebalazwe le-Google Earth:

    Ngokwesibonelo, izixhumanisi ibalazwe Colombia, ukuthola indawo ngqo eningizimu Puerto Wilches 1021223E, 1302614N Lezi izixhumanisi abakwazi ukuthola ibalazwe-Google Earth, wakwazi ukuchaza lo mehluko?
    Ngaphezu kwalokho, njengecala lokufuna ukwazi, ukuthatha imephu yeGoogle Earth, ikakhulukazi emnyangweni waseNariño kuyabonakala ukuthi izixhumanisi ezisuka eNtshonalanga ziye eMpumalanga, sithatha icala leTumaco, elise748650 E, uma siqhubeka nokuxhumanisa okufanayo ubheke eMpumalanga, kuyamangaza ukuthi lapho ufika e-833969E futhi ushintsha emuva kwesikhashana kube yi-166030E. Futhi kuyenzeka ukuthi kuGoogle Earth ukusuka ekhweyini kuya eNyakatho kuqala nge-0.0, noma kunjalo ku-IGAC inokwayo ukuxhumanisa kukhwetha.
    Ekuphetheni, ukuguqulwa kungenziwa kanjani kusuka kusixhumanisi se-IGAC kuya kuGoogle Earth?
    Ngibonga kusengaphambili ngokubambisana kwakho okubalulekile ekuchazeni lesi simo esididekayo.

  33. lithathelwe kahle umsebenzi Gabriel Ortis, mina awusebenzisa Win XP kodwa mina ushintshele ku W7 futhi ngangingakwazi ukuqhubeka ukuyisebenzisa, kuyasiza kakhulu ukuchitha amaphuzu ifayela KML othi google umhlaba, uma wena unginike i-imeyili ngithumela lithathelwe.

    Gracias

  34. uma ngingenayo imizuzwana engingabaguqula nabo ukuze u-???

  35. ithuluzi elikhulu lokuba okufanayo ukuguqula izixhumanisi ze-UTM ukuya geographies

  36. Ngilihlolile ngamaphuzu wokudidiyela we-National Cartography yaseVenezuela futhi linikeza umphumela ofanayo. ngiyabonga

  37. I-Vitos, ukwenza ukuguqulwa okuvela emuva, noma ukusuka ku-Geographical kuya ku-UTM ungabheka le link Geofumadas

  38. Ngidinga ukuguqula le datha W 14 ° 51 '16.59 »YS 90 ° 51' 50.1» ibe yi-UTM

  39. Lowo mnikelo omkhulu, usebenza kahle cishe kuzo zonke izimo, kodwa kungumkhawulo wendlela. Siyabonga kakhulu ngokukwabelana ngayo kuwebhu.
    Ukubingelela okukhulu !!

  40. 1 Giga Ngiyabonga umnikelo kule blog, ezingaphezu kuka kakhulu, clickcidades (Invent siyakuhalalisela informatic !!) Kungenzeka ukulanda Excel-spreadsheet ethile uya UTM, kodwa isixhumanisi inikezwe lapha bahluleka, okusho UTM ngokwebalazwe, abanye somyalelo ekhethekile?. Ngiyabonga.

  41. Kuyithuluzi elihle kakhulu ...
    Kukhona kwesinye isikhathi abantu abakhohlakele futhi abangafuni ukuhlanganyela ulwazi lwabo kepha ngiyabona ukuthi uyaphana ... ngiyabonga ngethuluzi lakho ...
    qhubeka phambili ..

  42. Mina kufanele georeference isithombe Bs. Njengoba., Argentina nge amaphuzu ethathwe google umhlaba, umuntu uyazi ukuthi spheroid futhi Datum usebenzisa i-Google Earth Argentina ndawo? ERDAS ukwenza georreferenciacion ukubuza le datha kimi.
    Muchas Gracias

  43. Sawubona! Umnikelo omuhle kakhulu. Noma kunjalo, unganginika indlela yokwenza kuphela nge-calculator?
    Gracias

  44. Ngicabanga UTM, ukopisha izixhumanisi ethebuleni-Excel, ekhombisa lapho endaweni futhi abe amagumbi omhlaba well'll banabo enye indawo, uma-ke kwenzeke UTM ku nenye indawo, thatha izixhumanisi zendawo eziguqulwe kanye nama-raisings kuya ku-u, ukukhetha enye indawo.

  45. Sawubona, nginesiqoqo sedatha esithathwe ku-utm endaweni ye-16 kodwa ngidinga ukuguqula endaweni ye-15 ukuthi ngiyenze kanjani

    Gracias

  46. ezinhle kakhulu amasu akho, kodwa ngidinga ukwazi ukuthi ukwenza ushintsho, kodwa hhayi digital engikuyala ababeqondisa umfundi isilwane ukukhiqizwa stoy ukutadisha ukongiwa umhlabatsi nemanti, kule ndaba ngiyabuza ukukhombisa izibalo kanye ukucacisa iphutha phakathi kwalezi izixhumanisi ezimbili, hhayi indlela yokwenza ngayo Ungangisiza? Into ebaluleke kakhulu ukubala iphutha phakathi kwezixhumanisi ezimbili!
    ngiyabonga kusengaphambili !!

  47. Kufanele ubone indawo ehambisanayo ku-Google Earth, ngoba eColombia izindawo ze-17,18 ne-19 ziyavumelana

  48. Sawubona! Faka imininingwane yezixhumanisi zezwe ukuze uzidlulisele eziphambeni kodwa umphumela engiwutholayo akulona lokho engangikulindele. Ngidinga ukuthi ushintsho lwezixhumanisi e-Colombia. Ngisiphi ushintsho engingayenza?

  49. siyabonga! Omunye uyazi ukuthi ngingahamba kanjani kusuka ku-UTM kuya ku-Geograficas (amazinga) kodwa ngokuzimele, hhayi kumaminithi noma ngemizuzwana.

    Ingabe ikhona ithuluzi elivelele elivumela ukuthi ngikwenze lokhu?

    ngiyabonga ngesikhatsi sakho, futhi futhi futhi amaGeofumada amahle kakhulu!

  50. I-Geofumadas noGabriel Ortiz, ngiyabonga ngentshisekelo yakho ekusizeni abanye! kusuka Peru ngiyakhonza kini ..!
    chevere!

  51. UMSEBENZI OKUHLELEKILE NOKUPHATHWA YENZA EZINYE IMINYAKA ngolwazi lwakho FUTHI KAKHULU KUHLE Ngokweqiniso kuhle, mina unenkinga UKUGUQULWA izixhumanisi UTM noma ezindawo indiza, UKUTHI IS ISIDINGO uhlela IN INSIMU NE ISENZO LIVE noma ibhanoyi ESISEKELWE BASE IDATHA AMAPHUZU IN eNSIMINI FUTHI EMZIMBENI UTM izixhumanisi noma YEBO ezindawo KANYE VALA ukuqinisekisa ukuthi osanda IPHUTHA UTM izixhumanisi, ojala ongangisiza

  52. Ungangenza ngithole umusa wokuthola i-ESET NOD 32 antivirus, ngiyayithanda.

  53. Kukhona uhlelo UTM Flyer, ukwenza lezi ukuguqulwa ku-google engalinika away, kodwa seliphelile, ungangisiza futhi brindarmelo, ngakho awaphelelwa isikhathi.

  54. Ngidinga ukuthola uhlelo lwe-UTM Flyer ukuhamba ukusuka ku-UTM ukuqondisa i-NAD 27 Central kuya ku-Geografica ku-Google Amamephu

  55. Ngicabanga ukuthi kusho ukuthi: iZone 18, x = 338552 y = 9065052 kusizinda eseningizimu. Yizame kuthempulethi. Uzoba nedatha

  56. NGICELA UWISE USIZO UKUTHOLA IMIBHALO YAMAKHAYA KWI-DATA YAMAKHAYA NGOKULANDELAYO:
    I-WEST LENGTH 18L0338552
    I-UTM 9065052 YEZINGQONDO ZEZINGXENYE

  57. ngiyabonga ngokungisiza ngifeze umsebenzi wami
    entshonalanga 18L0338552
    I-South latitude ye-UTM 9065052

  58. Ngiye ayithole ngokungafanele i-imeyili evela Mario Sanchez lisitshela ukuthi ukuze zihambisane nomsebenzi wabo (ukufunda ukuziphatha izimvu ziklabe khona nge-GPS-GPRS imigexo) kungezwe uchungechunge amatafula ukuya kusuka wedesimali ukuba sexagesimal ngokuzenzakalelayo futhi lokhu yi sifakwe ngqo egeomates isifanekiso kuboniswe lokhu okuthunyelwe.

    Ubuye wanezela amafomula ambalwa ukubala ibanga phakathi kwezixhumanisi ezimbili futhi uma unesikhathi sokuthatha izixhumanisi uthola isivinini sokuhamba.

    Wacabanga ukuthi mhlawumbe kungaba usizo kumuntu ngakho wayithumele futhi lapha banayo ifayela ngezilungiselelo.

  59. Hlola ukuphakanyiswa okushiwo yi-Gabriel Ortiz wokubala

    Amafomu avumelekile okukhuluma:
    I-434156.35 4804758.33 102.44 (isikhundla ngasinye emgqeni, kuqala i-X bese i-Y. I-Z ingakhetha kukho.)
    433785.44 4803721.57
    Sebenzisa isikhala esingenalutho noma ithebhu ukuze uhlukanise izixhumanisi ze-X ne-Y, futhi kuwe Z.

    Uma ubeka i-comma, lokho kukukhathaza.

  60. Ngidinga ukuguqula i-X, Y izixhumanisi ku-UTM izixhumanisi

    Ngingenise imininingwane ku-CARORDOGRAPHIC COORD CONVersOR ye- "Gabriel Ortiz». kodwa ayilahli idatha engiyiqhathanisa nayo.

    Ngabe omunye angangisiza?

    Idatha yilezi ezilandelayo: X = 622,552.17 / Y = 2,062,181.26

    Imininingwane ezobuyiselwa ngu: N 64 ° 24 ′ 46.02 ″ E

    kodwa ayiphumanga uma uyifaka.

    I-HUSO engangena ngayo i-15 ehambisana neCampeche, Mex.

    Ngenzani engalungile?

    Siyabonga ngosizo kusengaphambili.

  61. Converter omuhle kakhulu kanye nendlela yokufundisa engcono kakhulu kunokubonga lo msebenzi omkhulu. ngiyabonga kakhulu

  62. lena indlela yokufundisa. sicela uthumele kule imeyili. ngiyabonga kakhulu

  63. Kuhle lokho okufundisayo njengami. wena Ungangithumela ngomusa kule imeyili? Ngiyabonga kakhulu futhi izifiso ezinhle ngalezo zimfundiso ezihlakaniphile.

  64. Anahí,
    Uma ufaka ku-Imenyu / Buka / Grid izingxenye zivela, uma nje usebenze i-UTM ku-Amathuluzi / Izinketho / 3d View.

  65. Yeka umsebenzi omuhle, kuyasiza kakhulu, umbuzo weBolivia njengoba ubonisa ukuhlukahluka kokuhlelwa kwe-UTM emiphakathini ye-19, i-20 ne-21.
    Ngifuna ungisize ngithole igrafu ukukhombisa abafundi izixhumanisi endaweni ngayinye.

  66. okokuqala ngikuhalalisela ngemisebenzi ehlukile oyenza endaweni yesibili ngobubanzi bokuhlinzeka ngolwazi lwakho 'kwabanye abantu, njengami, abanalo ulwazi oluningi, izizathu ezingaphezu kokwanele zokuqhubekela phambili enhlanhleni

Shiya impendulo

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

Le sayithi isebenzisa i-Akismet ukunciphisa ugaxekile. Funda ukuthi idatha yakho yokuphawula isetshenziswa kanjani.